Theobalds Square

Theobalds Square was a residential block constructed by George Prescott between 1765 and 1770 on what is now Cedars Park. It is believed that the project utilised materials from buildings at Theobalds Palace that had been destroyed in the Civil War. It comprised The Cedars, Old Palace House, Grove House, Jackson House, and Thornton's House. Each had a 'water garden'. A flint folly and two huts were also built as part of this project, although it is unknown if this includes re-purposed materials.

The Cedars

Extract from Cedars Park Forum:

One of our members (Alec) kindly gave permission to publish a photo of his uncle Bill and his aunty Kath who once lived in Cedars Lodge, the house now behind the cafe. Bill was our park keeper in the late 1950s, and unfortunately, was forced to retire after a brain operation left him paralysed down the left side. Also in the photo are their two dogs called Sam and Snow and a cat called Spiky.

The Cedars was built in Yellow London Brick and was the main house on the grounds at the time of the park's donation to the people of Cheshunt. Sir Henry Meux once lived in this house.

The house looked over a T-shaped pond that was designed to reflect the Flint Arch. The central structure of this house was destroyed in a fire in the early hours of 18 September 1913 and only the Billiard Room (now toilets and new café) and Conservatory (now meeting room and toilets) remain.

Old Palace House

Photo c. 1964 by Keith Marshall

Old Palace House was a gentlemen's villa completed in 1768. A Mr Frederick W Lane lived in the house, although it is unknown when. It stood derelict in Cedars Park for many years until it burnt down around 1970. The cause of the fire has never been verified. Today, a single brick wall from the house stands in Cedars Park, protected by a metal fence. The house's well also stands in the park, however this has been filled in.

Grove House

A block of flats in Churchgate, Cheshunt has been named after this building, and the name of the nearby Theobalds Grove train station may also be. Grove House burnt down in February 1912.

Jackson House

This building is named after Reverend J Oswald Jackson. In the 19th century, this building became Jackson School. It was demolished in the early 20th century.

Thornton's House

This house had been demolished by 1883, however little else is known about it. It is omitted from some articles about Theobalds Square, so perhaps it was less significant than the other properties.